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Nota Importante

Aunque pueda contener afirmaciones, datos o apuntes procedentes de instituciones o profesionales sanitarios, la información contenida en el blog EMS Solutions International está editada y elaborada por profesionales de la salud. Recomendamos al lector que cualquier duda relacionada con la salud sea consultada con un profesional del ámbito sanitario. by Dr. Ramon REYES, MD

Niveles de Alerta Antiterrorista en España. Nivel Actual 4 de 5.

Niveles de Alerta Antiterrorista en España. Nivel Actual 4 de 5.
Fuente Ministerio de Interior de España

jueves, 7 de julio de 2022

Neurological assessment. Evaluación neurológica Infografia by Nurse Key


Evaluación neurológica

La discapacidad es una parte vital del proceso de evaluación ABCDE. Revela problemas neurológicos tanto primarios como secundarios y, por lo tanto, permite una pronta intervención terapéutica que, en muchos casos, puede salvar vidas.

Evaluación del deterioro de la conciencia

Disability is a vital part of the ABCDE assessment process. It reveals both primary and secondary neurological problems and thus enables prompt therapeutic intervention which, in many cases, can be life-saving.

Assessment of impaired consciousness

Firstly, the patient’s level of consciousness (LOC) needs to be determined. The LOC is controlled by the reticular activating system (Chapter 46) and two distinct components of LOC are thought to exist: arousalindicating how awake an individual is, and awareness which determines cognitive function and the extent to which the patient is able to recognise and respond to the general environment. Impaired consciousness may occur for a variety of reasons, including: primary injuries to the brain secondary to trauma or vascular accident; hypoxaemia; acidosis; infective disorders; status epilepticus; hypothermia; biochemical and metabolic disturbances; drug overdose; and poisoning. For some people rapid deterioration will occur requiring equally fast and accurate assessment, in the first instance the use of the AVPU scale1 (Table 47.1), is recommended. This will reveal whether the patient is fully alert, verbalises appropriately, responds to pain (Figure 47.1) or doesn’t respond to anything. Signs and symptoms of stroke (Chapter 48) should always be looked for, using the Face, Arm, Speech and Time (FAST) test (Figure 47.2).

Glasgow Coma Scale

The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)(Table 47.2) is commonly used to monitor deficits if neurological impairment is established.2

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