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Aunque pueda contener afirmaciones, datos o apuntes procedentes de instituciones o profesionales sanitarios, la información contenida en el blog EMS Solutions International está editada y elaborada por profesionales de la salud. Recomendamos al lector que cualquier duda relacionada con la salud sea consultada con un profesional del ámbito sanitario. by Dr. Ramon REYES, MD

Niveles de Alerta Antiterrorista en España. Nivel Actual 4 de 5.

Niveles de Alerta Antiterrorista en España. Nivel Actual 4 de 5.
Fuente Ministerio de Interior de España

miércoles, 18 de noviembre de 2020

Covid-19: Mapa interactivo de restricciones de Viajes by IATA/ Timatic

Interactive Coronavirus (Covid-19) Travel Regulations Map (powered by Timatic)


How is this information sourced?
To enable airlines and other aviation partners to securely manage the passenger document verification process, Timatic solutions require 100% reliable information. To achieve this we partner with airlines, as well as developing closer bilateral relations with government agencies worldwide.

The information is correct to the best of IATA's knowledge at the time of publication and is being reviewed and updated on an ongoing basis by IATA staff, given the rapidly evolving nature of the international response to the COVID-19 outbreak IATA cannot guarantee its accuracy and can accept no liability for any errors or omissions. IATA reserves the right to add or change information at any time. Links to third party websites of third parties are offered as a courtesy. IATA expresses no opinion on the content of the websites of third parties and does not accept any responsibility for third-party information. You should make your own independent inquiries before relying on any information or materials contained on these pages.

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This information is only provided during the COVID-19 crisis as a service to the industry, however user and any other third parties shall not without the prior written permission of IATA: re-sell or otherwise commercialise, make mass, automated or systematic extractions from, or otherwise transfer to any other person or organization, the information contained therein; store any of the information in such a manner that enables such stored information to be retrieved, manually, mechanically or systematically by any user or third party; or include it within, or merge it with, or permit such inclusion in or merge with, another archival or searchable system.

#Covid_19#Volar y #viajar en tempos de Coronavirus SARS-Cov-2
#Recomendaciones #IATA para viajar en #avión en tiempos del Covid-19
Coronavirus #SARS_CoV_2 

🍃 Modern aircraft are fitted with HEPA filters which have a 99.9% bacteria/virus removal efficiency rate, one of the few factors which makes the modern cabin environment a low risk of transmission 👇

On top of that, the implementation of ICAO's Takeoff guidelines will help further reduce the risk of transmission
Pasos que pueden tomar los pasajeros
1. Use una máscara
2. No viaje si no se siente bien
3. imite el equipaje de mano.
4. Manténgase alejado de los demás siempre que sea posible
5. Informe al personal si alguien se encuentra claramente enfermo
6. Si hay una boquilla de aire superior, ajústela para que apunte directamente a su cabeza y manténgala encendida
7. Si es posible, permanezca sentado y siga las instrucciones de la tripulación.
8. Lávese o desinfecte las manos con frecuencia y evite tocarse la cara

October 1, 2020 Risk of COVID-19 During Air Travel Rui Pombal, MD1; Ian Hosegood, MBBS2; David Powell, MBChB3 Author Affiliations Article Information JAMA. Published online October 1, 2020.

The risk of contracting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during air travel is lower than from an office building, classroom, supermarket, or commuter train.

How Is COVID-19 Transmitted?

The virus that causes COVID-19 is emitted when someone talks, coughs, sneezes, or sings, mainly in droplets that can be propelled a short distance, and sometimes in smaller aerosol particles that can remain suspended and travel further. Another person can be infected if these particles reach their mouth or nose, directly or via hands. Transmission via surface contact is also important in some cases.

How Clean Is the Air in Passenger Aircraft?

Air enters the cabin from overhead inlets and flows downwards toward floor-level outlets. Air enters and leaves the cabin at the same seat row or nearby rows. There is relatively little airflow forward and backward between rows, making it less likely to spread respiratory particles between rows.

The airflow in current jet airliners is much faster than normal indoor buildings. Half of it is fresh air from outside, the other half is recycled through HEPA filters of the same type used in operating rooms. Any remaining risk to be managed is from contact with other passengers who might be infectious. Seat backs provide a partial physical barrier, and most people remain relatively still, with little face-to-face contact.

Despite substantial numbers of travelers, the number of suspected and confirmed cases of in-flight COVID-19 transmission between passengers around the world appears small (approximately 42 in total). In comparison, a study of COVID-19 transmission aboard high-speed trains in China among contacts of more than 2300 known cases showed an overall rate of 0.3% among all passengers. Onboard risk can be further reduced with face coverings, as in other settings where physical distancing cannot be maintained.

Risk Reduction Steps by Airports and Airlines

Steps being taken at airports and on board can include temperature testing and/or asking about symptoms (fever, loss of sense of smell, chills, cough, shortness of breath); enhanced cleaning and disinfection; contactless boarding/baggage processing; use of physical barriers and sanitization in airports; physical distancing in airports and during boarding; use of face coverings or masks; separation between passengers on board when feasible; adjustment of food and beverage service to reduce contact; control of access to aisles and bathrooms to minimize contact; limiting exposure of crew members to infection; and facilitation of contact tracing in the event that a passenger develops infection.

Additional steps being studied are preflight testing for COVID-19 and adjustments to quarantine requirements.

Steps Passengers Can Take

Wear a mask, don’t travel if you feel unwell, and limit carry-on baggage. Keep distance from others wherever possible; report to staff if someone is clearly unwell. If there is an overhead air nozzle, adjust it to point straight at your head and keep it on full. Stay seated if possible, and follow crew instructions. Wash or sanitize hands frequently and avoid touching your face.

Free PDF IATA Medical Manual 11th Edition June 2018/ Manual Medico de IATA "International Air Transport Association"

Covid-19: Mapa interactivo de restricciones de Viajes by IATA/ Timatic

IATA propone una estrategia de seguridad multinivel para la reanudación de la industria. Covid-19

¿Fallecimiento de pasajero en Vuelo? Protocolo IATA

¿Cuales son las posibilidades de ser in infectado en un Avión de Coronavirus?

¿QUE ES TELEMEDICINA? Marco de implementación de un Servicio de Telemedicina OMS / OPS pdf

How airlines deal with in-flight medical emergencies? 1 in every 604 flights involves medical situation, study says. In-flight Medical Emergencies "Be Prepared"

Guidance for Vaccine and Pharmaceutical Logistics & Distribution  IATA by IATA. Covid-19

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