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Tactical Emergency Casualty Care

Tactical Emergency Casualty Care
Curso TECC España


jueves, 9 de agosto de 2012

Health advisory on Leptospirosis. Philippines

Health advisory on Leptospirosis
Cause:  Leptospira bacteria

Incubation Period:  7-10 days
Mode of Transmission:
  • Entry of the leptospira bacteria through wounds when in contact with flood waters, 

  • vegetation, moist soil contaminated with the urine of infected animals, especially rats.
Signs and Symptoms:

  • Fever

  • Non-specific symptoms of muscle pain, headache

  • Calf-muscle pain and reddish eyes fro some cases

  • Severe cases result tot liver involvement, kidney failure or brain involvement.  Thus some 

  • cases may have yellowish body discoloration, dark-colored urine and light stools, low urine 

  • output, severe headache.
  • Antibiotics duly prescribed by a physician.

  • Early recognition and treatment within two days of illness to prevent complications of 

  • leptospirosis, so early consultation is advised.
Prevention and Control:
  • Avoid swimming or wading in potentially contaminated water or flood water.

  • Use of proper protection like boots and gloves when work requires exposure to 

  • contaminated water.

  • Drain potentially contaminated water when possible.

  • Control rats in the household by using rat traps or rat poison, maintaining cleanliness in 

  • the house.