Curso TECC Tactical Emergency Casualty Care

Curso TECC Tactical Emergency Casualty Care
TECC-España

Facebook EMS SOLUTIONS INTERNATIONAL

domingo, 29 de enero de 2012

Snake Bite Emergency

Coghlan`s Snake Bite Kit
A complete, compact kit for the treatment of snake bite using the constrictor/suction method. Kit includes detailed instructions, three pliable suction cups, easy to use with one hand lymph constrictor, scalpel, and antiseptic swab. Measures only 5.7cm in length, weighs only 28g.

Items in above mentioned kit are meant for cutting and sucking!! WTF!
No where in the world is it recorded to use the cut and suck method. NOT even 
for Professional Rescuers!!

It is important to remember the following when treating or responding to a snake bite invenomation!!!

Snake Bite Invenomations - Symptoms depend on the type of venom injected:

Most adder venom (such as from puffadders) is toxic to tissue (cytotoxic), especially blood vessels. It causes extreme pain, swelling of the limb and blistering. An untreated bite may cause death due to loss of blood, dehydration and secondary infection.
Mamba and cobra venom are toxic to the nervous system (neurotoxic). Symptoms include “pins and needles”, dizziness, poor co-ordination, slurred speech, excessive salivation and drooping eyelids. This is followed by difficulty in breathing.
Boomslang and vine snake venom are toxic to blood cells and the blood loses its ability to coagulate (haemotoxic). Early symptoms include headaches, nausea, diarrhoea, lethargy, mental disorientation, bruising and bleeding at the site and all body openings.

The FIRST-AID Treatment for Snake Bite Invenomations are as follows, and only as follows!!

First Aid for snakebite

DON'TS:

-Don't use antivenom except in a hospital environment. Some patients react against antivenom and may go into anaphylactic shock, a serious condition that requires emergency medical treatment. Antivenom also needs to be kept refrigerated, injected correctly (into the bloodstream, not the muscle, and not into the bite site), and given in sufficiently large quantities to be effective.

-Don't cut and suck the wound, or use suction cup devices or electric shocks
-Don't give the patient anything to eat or drink
-Don't rub potassium permanganate into the wound or soak the limb in home remedies

Don't try to catch and kill the snake


DO'S:

-Get everyone well away from the snake.
-Try to obtain a clear description of the snake. However, this isn't essential, and you shouldn't waste time looking for it. The symptoms will give the doctor a good idea of the kind of snake (neurotoxic etc.), and the severity of the bite.
-Stay calm, and reassure the person who has been bitten. Fear and anxiety cause an increase in heart rate, and thus a more rapid spread of venom throughout the body.
-For neurotoxic and haemotoxic snake bites, it may help to wrap a crepe or pressure bandage firmly around the area of the bite, covering the entire limb (from fingertip to armpit; from toe to groin). Apply hand pressure at the site of the bite until a bandage or strips of fabric can be obtained.
Keep the person as still as possible and immobilise the affected limb by binding splints (e.g. straight branches) to either side of the limb.
If a snake spits into someone's eyes, rinse with large amounts of water, preferably by holding the head under a running tap. This will also require treatment at hospital: a drop of antivenom is placed in the eye.
Observe the person closely and record any symptoms and the time taken for them to appear.
If the patient stops breathing, you will need to breathe for them until they can get expert medical help.
A complete, compact kit for the treatment of snake bites using the constrictor/suction method. Kit Contains: detailed instructions, 3 pliable suction cups, easy-to-use with one hand lymph constrictor, scalpel, and antiseptic swab.
Instructions Download pdf

Related Information
Deadly Dilema: Do Snake-Bite Kits Help

Snake antivenoms in southern Africa

Many thanks 

Michel Botha from Petroria South Africa   & The Group on Facebook Remote Medical Rescue